78 RPM record GRINDING noises is removed (with Goldwave) so that we can hear what went onto the record instead of nearly a century of misuse. Dates, if given are a guess.
July 17, 2013
When cylinders and records became popular, the sheet music industry sued for a percentage of record sales.
They lost but in 1911 Victor Herbert went all the way to the Supreme Court to receive royalties from commercial stage users such as the great Ziegfield, as he called himself, for the use of Herbert’s songs. Oliver Wendell Holmes presided. Yes it was agreed, and ASCAP was formed.
About 1942 Paul Whiteman and Fred Warring (ASCAP members) sued the broadcasters for playing records over the air. Record labels, up to that time, had a statement “Not for broadcast.”
The radio stations won.
The Musicians union was upset because records, playing in jukeboxes, were cutting into live band playing. The Musicians went on strike for thirteen months beginning in 1942 refusing to record. Also, ASCAP was hard to join therefore BMI was formed in competition. BMI accepted all music writers and guaranteed them certain benefits as they competed with ASCAP which was only interested to have the major writers as members.
In the late 1950s when reel to reel tape recorders became available, the recording industry went to court to stop the sale of tape recorders.
The court ruled that home recording of music was legal including all sounds broadcast through the air including sharing it but not selling them.
When dual cassette tape recorders made copying easy, the RIAA sued Sony to make this type of recorders illegal.
The Supreme Court ruled that copying was legal as long as the copies were not for commercial sale.
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